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Causes and Risk Factors of Achilles Tendon Injuries

Tuesday, 12 March 2024 00:00

Achilles tendon injuries, debilitating and often painful, stem from a variety of causes and risk factors. One primary cause is overuse or repetitive strain, particularly common among athletes engaged in high-impact sports like running or basketball. Sudden increases in training intensity or frequency can also strain the tendon, leading to microtears or inflammation. Additionally, inadequate stretching or warming up before physical activity can increase susceptibility to injury. Foot problems such as flat feet or high arches can further exacerbate the risk of Achilles tendon issues by altering biomechanics and placing uneven stress on the tendon. Tight calf muscles and poor footwear choices, lacking proper support or cushioning, can also contribute to strain on the Achilles tendon. Recognizing these underlying causes and addressing risk factors through proper conditioning, stretching, and footwear selection are essential steps in preventing Achilles tendon injuries and maintaining overall foot health. If you have endured an Achilles tendon injury, it is suggested that you confer with a podiatrist who can successfully treat this condition.

Achilles tendon injuries need immediate attention to avoid future complications. If you have any concerns, contact Kellvan Cheng, DPM of Elite Foot & Ankle. Our doctor can provide the care you need to keep you pain-free and on your feet.

What Is the Achilles Tendon?

The Achilles tendon is a tendon that connects the lower leg muscles and calf to the heel of the foot. It is the strongest tendon in the human body and is essential for making movement possible. Because this tendon is such an integral part of the body, any injuries to it can create immense difficulties and should immediately be presented to a doctor.

What Are the Symptoms of an Achilles Tendon Injury?

There are various types of injuries that can affect the Achilles tendon. The two most common injuries are Achilles tendinitis and ruptures of the tendon.

Achilles Tendinitis Symptoms

  • Inflammation
  • Dull to severe pain
  • Increased blood flow to the tendon
  • Thickening of the tendon

Rupture Symptoms

  • Extreme pain and swelling in the foot
  • Total immobility

Treatment and Prevention

Achilles tendon injuries are diagnosed by a thorough physical evaluation, which can include an MRI. Treatment involves rest, physical therapy, and in some cases, surgery. However, various preventative measures can be taken to avoid these injuries, such as:

  • Thorough stretching of the tendon before and after exercise
  • Strengthening exercises like calf raises, squats, leg curls, leg extensions, leg raises, lunges, and leg presses

If you have any questions please feel free to contact our office located in Carrollton, TX . We offer the newest diagnostic tools and technology to treat your foot and ankle needs.

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